Volume 25, Issue 171 (9-2018)                   RJMS 2018, 25(171): 43-51 | Back to browse issues page

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Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , s_shabbidar@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1352 Views)
Background: Previous studies have shown that high adherence to Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI-2010) reduces the risk of the diseases. However, there is no study related to AHEI-2010 with the metabolic syndrome in the elderly population. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between the Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI-2010) with the metabolic syndrome in the elderly population.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 226 elderly residents in Tehran, with a mean age of 67.04 (60-83). Food frequency questionnaire includes 147 food items were collected by qualified and trained experts. Then the score of AHEI-2010 was calculated based on the 11-item food intake and after anthropometric and biochemical measurements the metabolic syndrome was defined by the National Cholesterol Education (NCEP-ATP III).
Results: Higher adherence to AHEI-2010 showed a significant relationship with the metabolic syndrome in the elderly people (p=0.031). This relationship still remained significant after adjustment for age, total energy intake, sex, physical activity level, income, marital status and education level also individuals in the highest tertile of AHEI-2010 had respectively 56 and 59 percent lower chance of developing metabolic syndrome and hyperglycemia.
Conclusion: The present study showed that high adherence to the AHEI-2010 had inverse relationship with the metabolic syndrome among the elderly people of Tehran.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nutrition Sciences