Volume 24, Number 158 (8-2017)                   RJMS 2017, 24(158): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Soltani M, Razavi Ardekani S M, Erami A, Eskandari Kootahi Z, yazdani N. Study of factors associated with developmental delay in low birth weight infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit.. RJMS. 2017; 24 (158)
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-4841-en.html

Assistant professor Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (546 Views)

Background: Advances in medical science and success in increasing the survival rate of vulnerable infants has raised the future evolution issues of these children. Developmental and behavioral disorders are the most common problem in children after discharge from NICU. An extensive range of factors involved in the occurrence of developmental disorders. According to the importance of the subject and lack of accurate information, related factors with the developmental disorders was investigated in this article, in low weight infants with the history of care in NICU.

Methods: This Cohort study was performed on 76, 4-24 month-old infants with a history of hospitalization in NICU of Shiraz Hazrat Zeinab hospital with an average weight of (1800 grams). These infants were evaluated developmentally by ASQ questionnaire. The data was analyzed by statistical tests.

Results: In the evaluation using ASQ, the correlation coefficient statistical test did not show any significant relationship between developmental disorder with mechanical ventilation, duration of hospitalization, surfactant and betamethasone injection, initial and final diagnosis of diseases (r < 1). Nor did T-Test show any significant differences between the mean of the presence of high-risk delivery and the average of performing advanced Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in children with developmental disorders and healthy children (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: Improvement in respiratory therapy, monitoring system, non-invasive procedures and developmental care, has decreased prematurity complications and has improved the neurodevelopmental outcome. For better outcome, we must detect developmental delay as soon as possible and start early rehabilitation of low birth weight infants after discharge from NICU.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Neonatology

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