Volume 22, Number 140 (2-2016)                   RJMS 2016, 22(140): 109-116 | Back to browse issues page


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Hosseininejad N, Kalbasi Z, Afshar J. Vitamin D and childhood pneumonia. RJMS. 2016; 22 (140) :109-116
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-4006-en.html

Ali Asghar hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1092 Views)

Background: Vitamin D has a vital effect on calcium and phosphor hemostasis and bone formation. Deficiency of vitamin D causes rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. Vit. D has a regulatory effect on immune system. This vitamin has inhibitory effect on cytokines and stimulates production of antimicrobial peptides. Recent studies have shown that rickets and even subclinical insufficiency of vit. D has a direct relation with pneumonia. This study was done in purpose of evaluation of vit. D serum level in small children with pneumonia.

Methods: This is a descriptive study. The personal data’s of 50 children between 2 and 59 months old who were hospitalized due to pneumonia (name, age, sex, weight and height) and their vaccination, nutrition (breast milk) and measured serum vit. D level were recorded and analyzed.

Results: The mean of serum vit.D level was 31.78±1.75. The vit. D level in 22 patients was less than 30ng/ml (44% insufficiency or deficiency) and in 28 patients (56%) it was more than 30ng/ml. 5 patients had vit.D level under 10ng/ml (severe deficiency in 10%). This study did not show any relation between vit. D level and severity of pneumonia or duration of hospitalization.

Conclusion: This study shows that the mean of serum vit. D level in children with pneumonia is significantly low. But it needs to do a study with normal control group for comparing their mean vit.D level. 

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Type of Study: review article | Subject: Pediatric Disease

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