Volume 22, Issue 133 (7-2015)                   RJMS 2015, 22(133): 59-63 | Back to browse issues page

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Electroencephalography in children with simple, complex, and recurrent febrile seizures. RJMS. 2015; 22 (133) :59-63
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3900-en.html
Abstract:   (7321 Views)

Background: Febrile seizures (FS) occur in 5% of children with 6 to 60 months ages. Many investigations are being performed, one of them is EEG. This study was done to determine EEG in recurrent simple and complex febrile seizures.

Methods: In this descriptive, cross sectional study, we evaluated 86 patients with recurrent and complex febrile seizure admitted to neurology ward in Ali-Asghar training children hospital between 2008 and 2012. Data were recorded on age, gender, type of seizure (focal, generalized), and family history of febrile seizure, epilepsy, and EEG results.

Results: Eighty six patients had EEG. Mean (SD) age was 24.27±15.28 months. Forty three (50%) cases were 6-18 month of age. Fifty three (62%) cases were male. Thirty three (38.5%) patients had recurrent simple FS and 53 (61.5%) had complex FS. Twenty nine (37.7%) cases had family history of FS and 13(15%) cases had family history of epilepsy. Thirty six percent of cases had abnormal EEGs. Abnormal finding included slow waves (14%), sharp waves (16%) and spike waves (6%). There was significant relation between abnormal EEGs and age (p=0.04), though no meaningful relation with gender, type of seizures and family history of FS or epilepsy.

Conclusion: Seizures during a febrile illness are common in children under 5 years of age. Due to changes in EEG in children with simple, complex, and recurrent FS, performing EEG in these cases is recommended.

Keywords: EEG, Febrile seizure
Full-Text [PDF 601 kb]   (7986 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pediatric Neurology

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