Volume 22, Number 139 (1-2016)                   RJMS 2016, 22(139): 93-102 | Back to browse issues page


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ahmadi R, foroutan M, Alinavaz M. Individual characteristics, common clinical features and diet history in patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes in Eslamshahr-Tehran. RJMS. 2016; 22 (139) :93-102
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2452-en.html

assistant professor Islamic Azad University, Hamedan Branch
Abstract:   (1269 Views)

Background: Diabetes is among the common metabolic disorders in Iran. The aim of this study was to determine the individual characteristics, common clinical features and diet history in patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes in Eslamshahr-Tehran.

Methods: This cross sectional retrospective study was conducted to investigate patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes referred to care centers during 2010-2012 in Eslamshahr and documentarily profiled. Individual questionnaire, food frequency questionnaire and face to face interview were used to collect the data. The data was analyzed using t- or Chi-square tests and ANOVA.

Results: The frequency of type 2 diabetes was significantly more than type 1 (p<0.01). The frequency of type 1 or 2 diabetes was higher in females than males (p<0.01). A family history of diabetes was observed in 64% and 82% of patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes, respectively. 47.8% of patients with type 1diabetes and 42.9% of patients with type 2diabetes reported a history of psychological problems and 27.5% of patients with type 1diabetes and 27.1% of patients with type 2 diabetes reported a history of negative life events. There was lower consumption of cereal food groups in diabetic patients than standard recommended orders (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Occurrence of diabetes was more common in females than males and of type 2 diabetes was more common than type 1 diabetes. Genetic background, familial history, diet and history of psychological problems were among the important causes associated with diabetes occurrence.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Public Health

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